/ProcSet[/PDF/Text] endobj /Fm0 13 0 R /BleedBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] These philosophies are formed from basic ontological and (the related) epistemological positions, and have developed in both classical and contemporary forms to effectively classify different research approaches. << /GS0 46 0 R /Length 2602 >> /K false << 3 Research Philosophy and Research Design Introduction In the introductory chapter, developing self-awareness was a key pro-cess outlined and it was stated that it is possible you have assumed that the way you view the world is the same as the way that everybody else views the world. /CS/DeviceRGB The befuddlement caused by a range of new terminology relating to the philosophy of knowledge is unnecessary when all that you are trying to achieve is << /I false /T1_1 42 0 R /Rotate 0 /Font %PDF-1.4 /Resources >> /Parent 36 0 R /T1_1 42 0 R /Contents 2 0 R << H��Wko�H�i�C}�RB��U�,��N�ӫ���Rk�Y��]�����=��{o=� @biY���ֹ�o�Ӝ�緿~��@�,�������#�G��W���⑗��vE�����*����"�(�\�cNV�+'���oW����_A� ��P)dy��Cq�����ݱu��j�/��* �@��G�D4t?R�}݉�l��1-�����t��*R�D)H /C2_1 53 0 R >> stream /Filter/FlateDecode /TT0 43 0 R << /Contents 4 0 R 3 0 obj >> 2 0 obj /Type/Page /TrimBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] /TrimBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] endobj /S/Transparency /Parent 36 0 R '�S��(���麥Uu�lh~�6��z���ϧ�Z���p�bh�e�4F�3ʹ�8���q�d{��O��&���3���T| '374��z|���~n�D�W;����y��`�¤�ijz�7��:eO#��v���٧~9f��������������� fn�������Ƶ��f~F�e�ϻ���n�e;�p� ^.�4�ɍ~�뱱]G�}��a�Fz?O� %���� /C2_1 53 0 R �f-���.��[�/sh��q]�����-G� uv2_�컩 �a&0h������O�z��������tA�u�2�ϧ�������Akhucc��t���ݥ���53���������.5��{��s�y:��/Z��+ ��դ���7�H���? /ArtBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] /TT0 43 0 R /Resources N�v�����q4�/pe{�~=p��s����X�]������a&re藵3o�!�%J;]=����F0�&�Y]�������Vb���� l��� una�~��~$�d��1���������q�zy"�m�8r���������W�/�懯N�sc'Kd��������k�7M���7t��V���a�-��k�G�zfl����$!��c��o@�K��5!m���@��'����Pdh����E$#�'�&B��. /CS/DeviceRGB <> /Fm1 11 0 R 1 0 obj ]�`�}�}�Ɓ�C�u��$�H)�=yr��.�����짏P��_Nm��ϒ���"j�Kޣֿ�ZK�7���L6 �������������_Ny��a^Hyx��%�Q]D�%��r烨wŶ"ծ8�����?U�J << /Font /T1_0 10 0 R describes as the ‘research paradigm’ and by others (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2007) as the ‘research philosophy’. >> /GS1 46 0 R 5 0 obj >> ����btl�&tC���\�����4A��S-�9:�q��g�����0� ���V%�#�Q�����`܃��s=?��mY&z��-f�l��p`��U��Ja4�Q�˓��/��>�*��`��'.�3-�)��;A����דˊ��6�EoQ)�Y��g(7���N05D�WXۡ3���F݁�J�d�r��m����2���:dJ��j-� )���G�X�x`�j��`1F�q$�x�,Z��K�r��i[6�w�vj=�an\�%7�Ǫ�\��K�Y��&����\��S�z�d��k;�2&�x(�����%��K��D�q��aؚ|���U_\���EN *q d7���Ca�q�p?,�'��x��P�r-���S'�&��W��=�E ����z۰�Nv P�U�ם�� ߳�4B��5[��M�~�]�V��K�/:��{�?�=�˹O�}N��XVr��'sҤ5֨�����''c�c���=�0�]�4/b�'z 2��C���1-u�fe�?�)8Nܭ7 4 0 obj >> a{Y�$g��.s�3�)�9g�\�p��5=W����-?g���hM$/��L��_��U�f/N�jN"'{��S�S���O�U�AWB���@�f�zw-zn���V��g��\|O��v��Zv�(��l�G�vЍ�z��M�7�؇� �F[�9���_0���"�E�����H�e�@7�C7�+��{�с}���0�Zq[h_ׯe�Eʂ�b$�^��dF�yfg�w��hހw˚M;�/��a /���%���S�-[��D���΋7��%&�obG�n�1-B�/e�2�Ux~@L喾 7-L*����b��Y�7�y�T�PǛ�!ϋץI9SP�K�S�7W�A+��[�X%���[�v�@2�"���䁚MJ��']uxޟAx H��W�n�8}�W�Qb5I�A ;����`0�m�flulɭK2��)�$Ҷ8�^4ܱ)�x��T�ᷫ/���m{����}}��՗?��B77_~���E��.����ru���GЫx���V�be�rUȇJ�G$Ai�� ���^=��~S����>���+��(��L��,�H����a�b��l��u7�������-�o�X��Q��qe(%QH(%��(nDl�������s� ���$��e�F���0Iu��'�c6Op���,IЕo3��j�������&�G���#kf�lSn�쿫_�`���v� Z�#�I_�Ì�1J stream /Length 2908 2 research philosophy and qualitative interviews in this chapter: choosing a philosophy of research differences between positivist and naturalist–constructionist paradigms an illustration of the differences in practice variations on the core paradigm positivism yields to postpositivism /StructParents 2 �%#+�ހ]��z(\��](����7x�^(�_�?�#{��S�����}�;��d����Ϙ�ރ���ԗ 4� << /CropBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] endobj /C2_0 15 0 R >> We have outlined our research question and research objectives in Chapter One. %�쏢 research philosophy subscribed to, the research strategy employed and so the research instruments utilised (and perhaps developed) in the pursuit of a goal - the research objective(s) - and the quest for the solution of a problem - the research question. PDF | On Apr 18, 2018, Pranas Žukauskas and others published Philosophy and Paradigm of Scientific Research | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate �zW /MediaBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] /I false '��Ē9S82}�S�(�da:�[ c� 9!��N��`Uo�%�Ƿ��>��q��`�ڐ�4t�֞{w�86,������x�p�R,>�̾��@�|���f�]٤EzI�*��s}���T�a?�ks 2��4N�U�Ԗ�Y���>׾v��ds~�uO,��I��+�x�,�[尞�ʺp��q��k�ɷ�o�M��|Nޓ2ߤ��=)~a`��d��$��;������AS���Iݤ@{>�B�g-'��L�������+����k�O���~j�d=���i0��6�u0�^���E��j�����rMe����M�7�hb]����}[� ?r8��D�ʛ���l�Ե����!��]��Su�ͩ�RD#�q\�:�:�-����o�+1��Q�y�H�A� sT+8G�a��[��lw4m�3Z�`pg�yt��9�U�Qj/���ֶD[��=���^MQF���O�ѽ���i�^K� ��< jP:t5j�|C�!�e�<6�c���ȧ"_���~ ��u㲤��{CN�CȪ�oJ� a~�G�M���A`U�����B����7��03����hG��<1{����1G�'퍢U�W�p����B�d�D}X�X}��>�Ԛ����½���α The term ‘common sense’ was used in this discussion. 2 RESEARCH PHILOSOPHY Research Philosophy is related to the development of knowledge and the nature of that knowledge. << /XObject /GS1 45 0 R A�ñ(�4��'Q�Y�W��6�~IA�#��������nS���J�Yϗ�˥��`�Xy��?���c��I�(%~"1 �w�$6�O��0K~F�;��%�! /StructParents 1 � ��Վ�^��xs@ ߳���v5������a�T�����~X�6��~#��A٪OpC� �i�|~d'9���>'�lt�GR�i|�4"�Qk�R��ŝ��/��ݰW�V�Co�{XyPO�L=�a&lQ���{e���}�;7��m[r��Hّg�ʖy�(�n�����-O�l�7������.io�=aS�H��b1���x��_$�؇s_�R�}�#���S�r����kD ��,DA�k݈�Y�p�֕Z�v@�u]���C���X7�:/���σآ�`|�Ӆ`���!�,�墌�J�>��5�m�Ǽ���=��l�%�i�1��2��S&��@v3&|Ae��Y�x�h>�zK�l� s�-U�,tE��PlMntia�Y\^`�m�)��4AŶO�:yP̟GyHE�G�D��[,�/ҡ�Z!~��~�z*%&i�f�s���ə�OXy@F�B!5e��L�fTn��'�j�F���ߟ�D��b�4Cm�:���)��'R\�����Ri��bd�zbcA9������/۲�by#J��e���'R�.�p6]���#�Z��J?%�r�s2@ 6�ȫ��+��k���ʺo��[P_t�����~��X&����̉\p>�\� S.�vv88 �dA.d�p|�@����3��X��uJB��+�GH�]�>�)��gBL1(NCB�"t����)+�@���ra~��Q�և�dw�+]�ƫn+��x��#{h&��F��͵��-IJI�z�/�Oz�iZ�Q�&8�~A>�۹,F���+�Z1�ӓ�����8"c.}p-&|��QBA����w�C����@I��q�C�s%g-g�� �8���T���b ��%�$*J��y����5��A�����ϬzE own research philosophy and, going back to our discussion of philosophies as a set of assumptions, the extremity of your views on these continua (Table 4.1) and within para- … /Rotate 0 �5�- ��"�Kl7)Ov? /MediaBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] << /BleedBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] For no apparent reason, research philosophy tends to send dissertation students into a mild panic. /K false /ExtGState >> endstream /Filter/FlateDecode stream >> >> /ExtGState >> �5������+���B���݌G��(E��3�H�S7��R�4ĉ��H�u�{�'Ú�B)�P.��#����M��ȩg�d�n|��u�MyS2��oq�����N���F�) /C2_0 15 0 R /Group /Group ���܄��Nn�s��KDD��T�JI�Kj� ����� /�-8b�(3�Q���%�@�~kL�4 Heh��98��-�5�ȼtn�� �{E�F�Xd��@�7�yI�q��H"�|� B� ��1[*|����U>?�Z� o�Yȓ�{Ȼ,ir��=3WrHq4����*Q�P��\�w�%o �B����8s�#*��eYd�;��:�M����H�8��P`��M�T����ED��h�t`;7�i��#)SԷ|����Ze~T)�+� �J��� �Qc���R�h�R�l_#7qĵN��u�����[�:A�"Q(L�F\�`��o#�� jXQ���:99�rhVA����^(�vL���6�C�T��l��$?�` ��4�r'�OFل��-3j�. /T1_0 10 0 R << Scientific ways of producing knowledge Nature of Realities Research Questions Methods Data /ArtBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] << Even if the purpose of the research has a simple ambition of just answering a particular question in an organisation or private business, it … >> << %PDF-1.4 /ProcSet[/PDF/Text] /GS0 45 0 R ��1j������'�^cG-�8�F����+w�Y�âC���V��g�_g�k2��p>���B$d����[������A��tѩ������{�N|�B(�k�G�o1�����0�S�6�7�[���$��E��邂���'�%r�������|ֻ���q���� wz��%�G�fw�=ؕ��J��uw����a�� /Type/Page /CropBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] Philosophy of Research Methodology Thoughts that form the basis for various ways of doing research Thoughts that justify research methodology Rationale for using certain methods in research. << << x��]ۏ��u�%�I�mٖdǒ��u?'Ks�!9|-P(��@oQ�R4@���=C�圙�!��V�S��'r�s�7���mLw�����?=��O���������O�~�������[�����_^SǙ�����=l�y��q�ks�f���r�]c��|���?_�w�q��tu�46��;wu�tmӶn`����h����d����z�z�C��W��k���p��ӵiF7v����4ƚ��~�? /S/Transparency /XObject >> /Fm0 29 0 R